Anti-communist guerrilla and former Afghan president Sibghatullah Mojaddedi passes away

Srinagar: Former Afghan interim president and anti-communist guerrilla Sibghatullah Mujaddadi has died.

Sibghatullah Mojaddedi was born on 21 April 1925. He served as president after the fall of Mohammad Najibullah’s government in April 1992.

He was the founder of the Afghan National Liberation Front and served as the chairman of the 2003 Loya Jirga, the Grand Assembly, that approved Afghanistan’s new Constitution after the fall of the Taliban regime in 2001.

In 2005, he was appointed chairman of the Meshrano Jirga, the Upper House of Parliament, and was reappointed as a member in 2011.

He also served on the Afghan High Peace Council. Mojaddedi was considered a moderate Muslim leader.

Mojaddedi studied Islamic Law and Jurisprudence at al-Azhar University in Cairo, Egypt.

In 1952 he returned to Afghanistan to teach in schools and at Kabul University, where he became known as an advocate of Afghan independence.

In 1973, he was forced into exile for his outspoken comments regarding Soviet influence in Afghanistan.

Following the Saur Revolution in 1978, Mojaddedi’s brother was killed during new communist government.

In 1988, he was elected head of the Afghan Interim Government, based in Peshawar.

In April 1992, he was elected the chair of the Islamic Jihad Council that was set up to establish a post-Soviet Afghan government.

He entered Kabul on April 28 amid a large crowd and assumed the new Islamic republic, and offered a general amnesty to all Afghans except the deposed President, Mohammad Najibullah, who’s fate would be decided by “the public”.

After the fall of the Taliban in 2001, Mojaddedi returned to Afghanistan from Pakistan and became chairman of the Loya Jirga.

In 2005 he became chairman of the Meshrano Jirga and he was reappointed as member in 2011.

On 26 August 2015, Mojaddedi launched a new political party, the Council of Jihad and National Political Parties (Tolo News)

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